The 4 Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Accelerate Scientific Research

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a technology that enables machines to learn, reason, and solve complex problems. It has numerous applications in various fields, including scientific research. In this article, we will explore five ways in which AI can help researchers accelerate their work and make discoveries more quickly and efficiently.

AI can help to : 


1. AI can help identify, synthesize, and interpret scientific literature.

Scientific literature is the primary source of information and knowledge for researchers. However, it is also voluminous and constantly evolving, making it challenging for researchers to keep up with the state of the art in their field, find the most relevant articles, and analyze them thoroughly.


AI can help overcome these challenges by employing natural language processing (NLP) and information retrieval techniques. For instance, AI can:

Extract key information from articles,

such as authors, affiliations, keywords, references, results, conclusions, etc.

Classify articles based on themes,

quality, impact, novelty, etc.

Conduct bibliometric analyses,

including citation count, impact factor, h-index, etc.

Perform network analyses,

such as community detection, centrality measurement, relationship visualization, etc.

Conduct semantic analyses,

including concept detection, similarity measurement, ontology construction, etc.

Create literature syntheses,

such as systematic reviews, meta-analyses, knowledge mapping, etc.

These AI applications can help researchers save time, discover hidden connections, identify gaps, generate hypotheses, and guide their research.

Today, innovative startups and companies are already assisting in identifying, synthesizing, and interpreting scientific literature. Some examples include:

  • Opscidia: A scientific information hub powered by the latest AI technologies.
  • Scispace: SciSpace is an innovative AI chat tool designed specifically for scientific PDFs.

2. AI can automatically generate research article summaries

Research article summaries play a crucial role in providing concise descriptions of the objectives, methods, results, and implications of a study. They are essential for engaging readers, facilitating knowledge dissemination, and promoting scientific communication. However, writing these summaries poses a challenge as they must be clear, concise, precise, coherent, and informative.


Artificial Intelligence (AI) emerges as a valuable tool to assist researchers in producing quality summaries using text generation techniques. For instance, AI can:

Analyze the content of the article

and extract relevant information

Structure the summary

according to domain standards and conventions

Formulate the summary

using appropriate vocabulary and correct grammar

These AI applications can help researchers reduce their workload, enhance their expression, increase visibility, and showcase their contributions.

Today, innovative startups and companies are already helping in automatically generating research article summaries:

3. AI can analyze and process the vast volume of data generated by scientific experiments.

Scientific experiments constitute crucial methods for researchers to test hypotheses, validate models, measure impacts, and compare different alternatives.


They generate data that requires in-depth analysis to extract relevant information and knowledge.


However, these data often face various challenges such as high volume, complexity, heterogeneity, noise, incompleteness, etc.


To overcome these obstacles, Artificial Intelligence (AI) intervenes using machine learning (ML) and data science techniques. For example, AI can:

Preprocess data,

such as normalization, standardization, transformation, reduction, selection, imputation, etc.

Explore data,

including visualization, descriptive statistics, anomaly detection, trend detection, etc.

Model data,

covering regression, classification, clustering, decomposition, factorization, etc.

Interpret data,

involving cross-validation, performance evaluation, result explanation, model comparison, etc.

Communicate data,

such as generating reports, graphs, tables, figures, etc.

These AI applications can assist researchers in optimizing their analysis, discovering patterns, inferring causality, supporting their conclusions, etc.


Today, innovative startups and companies are already aiding in analyzing and processing the immense volume of data generated by scientific experiments:

  • Cardiologs: This startup uses AI to detect cardiac anomalies from electrocardiograms (ECG).
  • System: This startup uses AI to revolutionize research, offering a platform that synthesizes statistical results from peer-reviewed sources, providing an overview of research along with supporting links to the literature.

4. AI can assist in designing and optimizing scientific experiments.

Scientific experiments go beyond mere execution; they are also processes that require meticulous design and optimization to achieve research objectives, adhere to resource constraints, minimize sources of error, and maximize data quality, among other considerations.


However, there is no universal method for designing and optimizing experiments, and researchers often rely on their intuition, experience, and creativity.


Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be a valuable ally in enhancing design and optimization by implementing optimization, simulation, planning techniques, etc. For example, AI can:

Define experiment parameters,

such as variables, levels, factors, interactions, responses, etc.

Determine the experimental plan,

including the number, order, distribution, randomization, repetition, etc., of trials

Execute the experiment,

covering control, measurement, recording, storage, transmission, etc., of data

Optimize the experiment,

involving research, selection, adaptation, modification, comparison, etc., of solutions

Evaluate the experiment,

including robustness, sensitivity, efficiency, reliability, validity, etc.

These AI applications can help researchers save time, reduce costs, increase precision, improve reproducibility, and enhance generalizability, among other benefits.


Today, startups and innovative companies are already assisting in designing and optimizing scientific experiments:

  • Iktos: This startup uses AI to accelerate the discovery of new drugs by generating candidate molecules based on design criteria.
  • Zapata Computing: This startup employs AI to develop quantum computing applications for chemistry, physics, biology, and finance.
  • LabGenius: This startup utilizes AI to design and test therapeutic proteins, combining machine learning, robotics, and synthetic biology.
  • BenchSci: This startup employs AI to help researchers find and compare antibodies suitable for their experiments by analyzing millions of scientific publications.